Updated: Oct 20, 2021
“Research: The distance between an idea and its realization.” David Sarnoff
Our focal is on the research of the upcoming project, as the statement says above. It is now about gaining factual information. Information removes any ambiguity, therefore, leading to an informed decision.
Before we get in-depth we need to understand that farming is broad and the research is based on Zimbabwe as that is the Country of operation.
Types of farming in Zimbabwe:
Arable Farming - is any land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.
Pastoral Farming - aimed at producing livestock, rather than growing crops.
Dry farming - farming conducted where there are problems with irrigation or low rainfall.
Mixed Farming - involves the cultivation of plants and animals.
Commercial Farming - involves raising animals and crops for sale on the market and making a profit.
Subsistence Farming - cultivation is for personal use only.
Extensive Farming - extensive cattle breeding represents livestock farming in pastures with very little investment and slightly more modest yields.
Intensive Farming - involves equal land but much more invested labour and money to increase the yield that can be obtained per area of land.
Sedentary Farming - is a method of agriculture in which the same land is used every year. (mostly in Africa)
Nomadic Farming - raising livestock that involves moving it from one area to another for the purpose of finding fresh grazing land and water.
Urban Farming - defined as the cultivation of plants and the cultivation of animals in and around cities.
Organic Farming - food produced without pesticides, chemicals or chemical food additives.
Now you have more farming information, we are now moving the idea and turning it into reality; therefore, the following are essential:
a) What type of farming to conduct?
You might have made up your mind or not on the type of farming. There are so many points to consider before confirming your decision.
How big is your land compared to what type of farming you want to perform?
What type of soil do you have? ( clay, loam, gravel )
Do you have sufficient water to water or irrigate crops ( different crops require different quantities of water ).
What are the temperatures in your area of operations? (too cold leads to frost and heat leads to sunscald and more.)
The above are some questions that you need to consider. The type of farming activity matters as they determine the land size.
Example 1: A farmer wants to plant a field of maize,
What is the goal in the production of maize? ( personal use or sale )
How much land is needed, and do you have access to it?
Do you have sufficient water access or rainfall?